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[专考] 【写作范文】大学英语六级写作9篇范文及讲解(二)

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匿名  发表于 2011-8-23 06:30:31 |阅读模式
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  如果说学英语好比盖房子,那么词汇就是那砌房子的砖。虽然那一块块的小“砖头”都很不起眼,但它们却是整栋房屋的基础,少了它们,房屋是不能成形的。
                                                     1 ^% S4 x* F/ fFifteen Minutes a Day
  If your vocabulary is limited,your chances of success ( \3 l, ], j. W4 {6 \* k7 } are limited. This discovery has been made in the word laboratories of the $ l: D( }. m L: f+ M' N4 j world.
That one of the easiest and quickest ways to get ahead is by 9 u f+ s. ^1 f! ^5 Dconsciously building up your knowledge of words①. The vocabulary of the average 1 w9 c4 ^1 V2 I3 L* Y person almost stops growing by the middle twenties. And that from then on it is 8 }- j1 d5 u, s* F6 k6 l) c+ t0 Y; Knecessary to have an intelligent plan if progress is to be made. No haphazard % j! r% V7 q) X, x; h; xhit?or?miss methods will do.
The extent of your vocabulary indicates the # l* K( Y* Q' Q8 I$ `4 a2 [degree of your intelligence. Your brain power will increase as you learn to know 2 Z* l$ X1 v% L1 N6 i( Y, Bmore words. A command of English will not only improve the processes of your 4 o! ~& O& r3 o Z/ E mind. It will give you assurance; build your self?confidence; lend color to your 1 N; e/ ^# O; z personality; increase your popularity. Your words are your personality. Your 7 d4 Z( A: y" r! P- T0 j \& o3 e vocabulary is you. Your words are all that we, your friends, have to know and 1 h* X: K1 s( l5 b. \judge you by. You have no other medium for telling us your thoughts―for ! L3 C: d: }. k/ J5 Q C convincing us, persuading us, giving us orders.
Words are explosive. Phrases $ h1 ?# T8 B: \7 @are packed with TNT.A simple word can destroy a friendship, land a large order. 7 U0 L: \3 x3 n; J- ]4 ~# H/ G& k& p2 _ The proper phrases in the mouths of clerks have quadrupled the sales of a . m& V; Z: M) Y( ddepartment store.
  Words can also change the direction of your life. They * ~" z! a/ [2 m7 W, i have often raised a man from mediocrity to success. If you consciously increase . Y; U, L8 [* F* n/ S# i your vocabulary you will unconsciously raise yourself to a more important # C$ t4 S) K; \! F$ K; Zstation in life, and the new and higher position you have won will, in turn, . ~ e* W* {# o3 Z give you a better opportunity for further enriching your vocabulary. It is a + z4 o. `+ P# p! k beautiful and successful cycle.
  Just spare fifteen minutes a day for 2 b" M$ [8 R, I memorizing words, and I will guarantee, at the end of three month, that your G8 L/ g- V. j5 g" X# |8 N# `: O words and your reading and your conversation and your life will all have a new 1 t4 C" y; Y2 [4 u) Jand deeper meaning for you. For words can make you great!
[330 words]

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  引出主题,给出观点,说理论证。文章第一段引用了一项科学发现来说明词汇量对成功的重要性,由此引出了文章所要谈论的话题——词汇。第二段作者提醒大家要有意识地去扩大词汇量。第三段说明对词汇的把握程度能反映我们的智力水平。第四、五两段阐述词汇的威力。最后一段作者提出建议,照应标题。
文章的语言颇具特色,赋予“词汇”新鲜的活力。例如,在第四段中的描写“Words q- S) R6 I% i% _7 {" Dare explosive. Phrases are packed with TNT.A simple word can destroy a : X& D& _. N% O9 K' M4 ?, {friendship, land a large order.”这样就使文章显得十分生动形象。

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  每天只需15分钟
  如果你的词汇量不大,你成功的机会也就不多。这一发现是从世界各地的语言实验室得来的。
最简洁和最迅速的改进方法之一就是有意识地扩大你的词汇知识。普通人的词汇量到了二十五、六岁左右就几乎停止增长了。从那以后要想继续增加词汇量必须有一个合理的计划。随意安排的、漫无目的计划是不起作用的。
  你对词汇的把握程度反映了你的智力水平。当你通过学习掌握了更多词汇的时候,你大脑的思维能力也会增强。掌握英语不仅可以改进你的思维方式,它还给你信心,令你自信,带给你鲜明的个性,使你更受欢迎。你的用词反映了你的个性。所谓词如其人。作为你的朋友,我们大家都是从你的言辞中来了解、评价你的。除此以外,你无法用别的什么方法来告诉我们你的想法——无法使我们信服,无法劝说我们,无法给我们下指令。
  词汇是火药,词组则满载炸药。词组中则充斥着火药。一个简简单单的词可以摧垮一份友谊,也可以促成一笔大订单。售货员言辞得体的话可以使商场的销售额翻两番。
  词汇也能改变你生活的方向。它们常常使一个平庸之辈迈向成功。如果你在有意识地增加着你的词汇量,你将在不知不觉中爬到一个更显要的位置上,得到这个新的、更高的职位以后,反过来,你又会有更好的机会进一步丰富你的词汇量。这是一个诱人的、带给人成功的循环过程。
  每天抽出15分钟来记单词就行!我可以保证,三个月后,你的词汇、你的阅读能力、你的谈话技巧,乃至你的生活都将会达到一个更新和更高的程度。因为词汇能使你卓而不凡!

?haphazard  1 [% Z5 Q5 F; A6 d$ wa.偶然的, 随便的
? hit or miss  a.无计划的, 无目的的
?TNT  n.黄色炸药
?quadruple  vt. 7 a3 z( E, q% C# U使成四倍
?enrich  vt. 使充实;使丰富;增进…的营养(滋味)
?mediocrity  n.平常, 平庸之才
①【注释】get + j d1 f! D, w, h4 e! Z# b6 K ahead 取得进展;获得成功
【临摹】He is getting ahead in his job.他的工作在取得进展。佳句临摹
Being - i* s- h+ P) \, ~1 A' ]1 o3 Bignorant is not so much a shame, as being unwilling to learn. 2 Q$ W- K3 B5 f3 Y 无知并不可耻,可耻的是不肯学习。
Action is the proper fruit of knowledge. 行动是知识之佳果。

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