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[专考] 【翻译训练】英语六级考试翻译范例与解析(二)

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匿名  发表于 2011-8-24 05:52:15 |阅读模式
% w3 K7 @7 s4 A; r5 e Exercise Two
  1. In the old society,five hundred , u1 |( z' g2 H. U. Q; w" ^ million careworn people _________________ (生活在水深火热之中).
  2. We think it most 0 f3 W5 E0 ~; t/ G4 _8 uimportant that _______________(理论与实际相结合).
  3. _____________(不论晴雨),we’ll have * T, B5 w0 }1 e$ e5 n* g- Yto go tomorrow.
  4.This is ________________(正是要找的人)we are looking ' M/ e1 {* ^" x+ M5 O for.
  5. Their income is . u1 l+ I! `. ^8 Z: E________________(一般家庭的3~5倍).
  答案:
  1. were plunged into I) D4 w* c( c8 G! {! D3 J a dire ; {3 |& K' v7 Z( l/ s' C suffering
  解析:本题考查考生基本词汇量和短语的掌握情况。“水深火热”在英文中没有一个对等词,所以要采用意译法。可以接受的译法有:a dire 2 `1 `! A& S: @; M. q5 r1 C/ ~ suffering,an abyss of suffering,extreme misery。Be plunged 1 K- U4 J; t& I; S! h# m into表示“使……陷入,使……遭受”,如:plunge a country into war(使一个国家陷入战争);plunge sb. into deep " U/ X2 Y5 X$ d% Z% osorrow(使某人陷入深深的悲痛之中)。另外,前半句中careworn意为“受折磨的,饱经忧患的”。
  2. theory be combined 0 b- h' ^. \3 r# K& Gwith practice
  解析:be combined with…是固定搭配,意为“与……相结合”。Be connected 8 d5 L$ s; Y# K2 m# xwith是指“将……连起来”,在含义上有所差别。其次,句首用了We think it most important # Z# f) i% l1 r3 j; y that句型,暗示从句要用虚拟语气,should可以省略。
  3. Rain or - M5 I2 y, O; k+ D k shine
  解析:本题考查固定用法“不论……”,英语用…or…来表达。如:Winter or summer,that lady always # e; p. s( w9 @: V4 |1 N) b wears a long black gown.(不论夏冬,那个老妇人总是穿一身黑色长袍。)类似的表达还有:better or worse,good or 9 u6 g, L: ^$ Z9 ]) Cevil,sink or swim,men or women,old or young。
  4. no other than the ! X- [0 @* V" x1 P/ y# j2 q/ ^+ A man
  解析:本题考查采用反译法翻译,以加强语气,取得较好的修辞效果。No other than强调了那个人就是我们要找的。这句话也可以译成This & \! C7 z5 Y' O/ I: C2 c* R is just the man we are looking for,但强调的语气就显得要弱一些。此外,no other than要和other 7 X) ]) t U- w! O& d7 O+ r0 G/ zthan区别开来。如:There’s nobody here other than me.(这里除了我没别人。)
  5. three to five 5 x* T- A' @& s times that of ordinary households
  解析:本题考查数的表达。考生要学会用“倍数+the size 7 s3 W. U7 P+ ~0 H" @- m (length,volume) of…”,“…倍数+that of (what it # o* C- H0 e6 o1 u' h2 M0 x was)…”的句型进行倍数的表达。Household是个集合词,表示家庭,如:average household(中等家庭);multiperson & _7 ]9 u0 p. [' q" U) Y household(多人口家庭);peasant household(农户)。“家务”叫做household affairs。$ u7 T1 v" C, n! S6 k1 p% a
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