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[阅读] 健康差距,在中国缩小美国扩大

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匿名  发表于 2011-8-30 03:53:33 |阅读模式
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研究者发现,在美国和中国,富人比穷人的健康状况好,但是在中国,这种差距正在逐步缩小,而在美国却逐步扩大。
In the United States and China the rich tend to be healthier than the poor, but in China the gap is narrowing, unlike in the United States, researchers found.
北卡罗来纳州立大学和芝加哥大学的研究者记录了7000名个成年中国人13年来的身体健康状况的变化数据并进行了分析。
Researchers at North Carolina State University and the University of Chicago analyzed data collected from more than 7,000 adults in China in the course of 13 years to track changes in the health of the study participants.
研究表明,在中国高社会经济地位的人和低社会经济地位的人之间的健康差距在他们的一生中不断加大。
The study found that the health gap between people of high and low socioeconomic status in China increased significantly over their lifetime.
“这反映了低社会经济地位的人不断累积的劣势,这些人长期得不到好的医疗保障、营养和其他影响健康的有利因素。”这项研究的执笔人,北卡罗来纳州的陈飞年在陈述中写到。“这项发现与最近在美国公众中做的一项研究很相似。
"This reflects the cumulative disadvantage of the lower socioeconomic classes, who have less access to medical care, nutrition and other health-related factors over time" lead author Feinian Chen of North Carolina State said in a statement. "This finding is consistent with similar studies done recently on the US population."
陈飞年介绍,富人与穷人之间的健康差距在中国的代际之间正在逐步缩减。”
The health gap between the advantaged and the disadvantaged has shrunk with each successive (Chinese) generation, Chen said.
这却与在美国的研究结果完全相反,在美国代际之间的健康差距正在逐步扩大。”
"This is the exact opposite of what has been found in studies of the US population, where the health gap has been shown to widen with each generation," Chen said.
这项研究结果公布在《美国社会学评论》上。
The findings are published in the American Sociological Review.
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