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发表于 2009-7-26 15:52:06 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Residential Tenancy Act
Residential Tenancy Branch
Office of Housing and Construction Standards

A Guide for Landlords and Tenants
in British Columbia
Revised October 2006

http://www.rto.gov.bc.ca/documents/RTAGuidebook.pdf

Residential Tenancy Act

ResidentialTenancyBranch
Office of Housing and Construction Standards
AGuideforLandlordsandTenants
inBritishColumbia
Revised October 2006

Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication Data
Main entry under title:

Residential Tenancy Act : a guide for landlords and tenants
in British Columbia. -- [1997]-
Irregular.

Some issues have subtitle: A guide for landlords &
tenants in British Columbia.

Previously published 1995 separately as monographs under
titles: Residential Tenancy Act. A guide for landlords;
and, Residential Tenancy Act. A guide for tenants.
ISSN 1911-5822 = Residential Tenancy Act
1. Landlord and tenant - British Columbia - Popular
works. 2. British Columbia. Residential Tenancy Act.
I. British Columbia. Residential Tenancy. 11. Title: A
guide for landlords and tenants in British Columbia.
111. Residential Tenancy Act : a guide for landlords and
tenants in British Columbia. IV. Residential Tenancy
Act. A guide for landlords. V. Residential Tenancy Act.


A guide for tenants.
KEB224.R47
346.71104’34
C2006-960176-3
KF590.R47


Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Residential Tenancy Act and Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
For More Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
At the Start of a Tenancy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
The Tenant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Co-tenants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Tenants under the age of 19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
The Landlord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Discrimination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Protection of Personal Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Residential Tenancy Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Terms that must be in a tenancy agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Standard terms for tenancy agreements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Additional terms for a tenancy agreement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Material terms in a tenancy agreement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Format for a Residential Tenancy Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Security Deposit and Pet Damage Deposit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Security deposit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Pet damage deposit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Condition Inspection and Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Condition inspection not done by landlord or tenant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Changing Locks for New Tenant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
During the Tenancy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Paying the Rent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Late payment of rent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Repeated late payment of rent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Breach of agreement for late payment of rent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Rent increases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Additional rent increase. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Utility charges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Non-refundable fees that can be charged by a landlord. . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Terminating or Restricting a Non-Essential Service or Facility . . . . . . . . . .14
Repairing and Maintaining the Property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Regular repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Emergency repairs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Table of Contents


Reimbursing a Tenant for Emergency Repairs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Quiet Enjoyment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Access to the Building for Tenants and Guests. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Landlord Access. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Selling and showing a rental unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Tenant changing locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Additional Person Joins the Household . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Subletting or Assigning a Tenancy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Ending the Tenancy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Mutual Agreement to End a Tenancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Fixed-Term Tenancy or Lease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Ending a fixed-term early . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Tenant Gives Notice to End the Tenancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Ways for a tenant to serve notice on the landlord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Landlord Gives Notice to End the Tenancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
10-day notice. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
One-Month Notice. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Two-Month Notice – Landlord’s Use of Property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Two-Month Notice - Tenant Does Not Qualify for Subsidized Rental Unit 27
Ways for a landlord to service the Notice to End Tenancy on the tenant .27
‘Frustrated’ Tenancy Agreement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Ending a Tenancy without Full Notice. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
By the landlord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
By the tenant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Disputing a Notice to End Tenancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Order of Possession. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Abandonment by the tenant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
After the Tenancy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Vacating the Rental Unit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Move-out Condition Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
If there is no Condition Inspection Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Return of Security Deposit and Pet Damage Deposit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Calculating interest on a security or pet damage deposit. . . . . . . . . . . .33
Disputes related to a security deposit or pet damage deposit . . . . . . .33


Security deposit assigned to Ministry of Employment and Income Assistance. . . .34
Tenant Does Not Move . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Tenant Leaves Possessions Behind. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Disposing of abandoned property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Landlord duty of care. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Handling Disputes During or After a Tenancy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Resolving a Dispute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
The Dispute Resolution Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Monetary claim. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Opting out of a dispute resolution proceeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Deadlines for Applying for Dispute Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Deadlines to dispute a Notice to End Tenancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Completing an Application for Dispute Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Complete the Application for Dispute Resolution form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Submit or file the form and pay the filing fee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Fee waiver. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
One hearing for multiple applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Scheduling the Dispute Resolution Hearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Serving the Hearing Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Evidence for a Dispute Resolution Hearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Serving evidence on the other party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Submitting evidence to the RTB. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
The Dispute Resolution Hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Who should attend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
What happens at a hearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
The Dispute Resolution Officer’s Decision. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
A Dispute Resolution Officer’s Order. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Enforcing a Dispute Resolution Officer’s Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Clarification, Correction or Review of a Decision or Order. . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Correction or clarification of a decision or order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Review of a decision or order. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Judicial Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
Standard Forms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48


A Guide for Landlords & Tenants in British Columbia | October 2006
Introduction

This guide provides general information about the Residential Tenancy
Act and Regulation. Where the Act and this guide differ, the Act prevails.


Residential Tenancy Act and Regulation

British Columbia’s Residential Tenancy Act (the Act) and Regulation
apply to:

• Residential tenancies.
• Most residential licences to occupy.
• Tenancies in hotels not occupied as vacation or travel
accommodation.
The Act does not apply to:
• Commercial tenancies.
• Emergency and transitional housing.
• Community care, continuing care and assisted living facilities.
• Public or private hospitals.
• Accommodation owned or operated by an educational institution
and provided to students or employees.
• Accommodation in which the tenant shares bathroom or kitchen
facilities with the accommodation’s owner.
• Accommodation occupied as vacation or travel accommodation.

Manufactured home park tenancies fall under the Manufactured Home
Park Tenancy Act, unless the tenant rents the home and the home site
from the same landlord.

The Acts and Regulations are available:
• Online at www.rto.gov.bc.ca/
• For a cost from:
Crown Publications
521 Fort Street
Victoria BC V8W 1E7
Phone: 250 386-4636


For More Information

Please contact the Residential Tenancy Branch
Internet: www.rto.gov.bc.ca/
E-mail: HSRTO@gov.bc.ca
Telephone during regular office hours:
Lower Mainland 604 660-1020
Victoria
250 387-1602
Elsewhere in B.C.1 800 665-8779
Office Locations
Lower Mainland
Hours: 8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday
400 – 5021 Kingsway Avenue
Burnaby BC V5H 4A5
Vancouver Island
Hours: 8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday
1st Floor, 1019 Wharf Street
Victoria BC V8W 9J8
Interior and North
Hours: 8:30 a.m. – 12 noon, Monday through Friday
101 – 2141 Springfield Road
Kelowna BC V1Y 7X1
Forms and other documentation can be accessed and downloaded from
the Residential Tenancy Branch’s website or picked up from any RTB
office, a Government Agent office or BC Access Centre.


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